Human beings, and their families, communities, and societies develop; they show systematic and successive changes over time. Developmental Psychology Theories & Stages Chapter Exam Instructions. Different developmental theories describe different types of changes. Several famous psychologists, including Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson, Jean Piaget, and Lawrence Kohlberg, describe development as a series of stages.A stage is a period in development in which people exhibit typical behavior patterns and establish particular capacities. Your eight-year-old son is failing math; all he cares about is baseball. 1994). The modern study of developmental psychology did not emerge until relatively recently in history to address various aspects of how people change and grow over time. 4. Rooted in differentiable assumptions, contemporary theories and systems of developmental psychology, may be traced to a variety of sources from ancient philosophical, to the fertile nineteenth century, to more recent influences (Cairns 1998, Dixon and Lerner 1999, Parke et al. Jean Piaget : Piaget’s theory of child development is still one of the most widely accepted in modern psychology. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. The preoperational stage, from age 2 to about age 7. Jean Piaget's influential theories describe how people's intellectual development evolves over time. Piaget's theory included four distinct stages of development: The sensorimotor stage, from birth to age 2. Piaget was the first psychologist to make a systematic study of children's cognitive development. His theory of four stages of cognitive development, first presented in the mid-20th century, is one of the most famous and widely-accepted theories in child cognitive development to this day. Developmental theories present systematic ways of thinking about how human beings grow from babies to adolescents to adults to elderly people, and the various changes they undergo as they make this passage. Developmental Psychology Theories. These changes are interdependent. Explain how you would use your understanding of one of the major developmental theories to deal with each of the difficulties listed below: Your infant daughter puts everything in her mouth, including the dog’s food. Psychoanalytical theories and developmental psychology Dynamic systems approaches and developmental psychology Cognitive theory and developmental psychology - Piaget Vygotsky etc. Development is the series of age-related changes that happen over the course of a life span. Important Developmental Psychology Theories.
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