The Muslim era dates from the Hegira - Arabic for 'emigration', meaning Muhammad's departure from Mecca. The origin of Islam can be traced back to 7th century Saudi Arabia. Muhammad dictated the Qur'an, the holy book of Islam, which Muslims believe to be the preexistent, perfect words of Allah. AllAboutReligion.org, The founder of Islam is the prophet Muhammad, who was born in Mecca in approximately 570 C.E. The Qur'an was dictated by Muhammad but, according to the Qur'an, it did not originate with Muhammad. Islam is a monotheistic religious tradition that developed in the Middle East in the 7th century C.E. Muhammad Muhammad is the founder and chief prophet of Islam and the source for the Quran. But this is where we run into a problem. Abraham agreed to take Hagar as his concubine. Muhammad descended from Ishmael and so Muslims seek to lay claim to these covenant promises, namely the land of Palestine. Muslims gather at mosques to worship Allah, pray, and study scripture. Quick Fact Sources include www.adherents.com, www.bbc.co.uk/religion, The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions (2006), The Encyclopedia of Religion (2005), the Religious Movements Page at the University of Virginia, The Cambridge Illustrated History of Religions (2002), and the Encyclopedia of World Religions (1999). One of the defining characteristics of Islam is the primacy of sacred places including Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem. The "previous scriptures" mentioned above are the Hebrew Torah, the Psalms of David, and the Gospels of Jesus Christ (Sura 4:163; 5:44-48). Islam, which literally means "surrender" or "submission," was founded on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad as an expression of surrender to the will of Allah, the creator and sustainer of the world. That Israel remains today is a miracle in-and-of itself. Essential to Islam is the belief that Allah is the one and true God with no partner or equal. The Honest Spirit (Gabriel) came down with it, to reveal it into your heart that you may be one of the warners, in a perfect Arabic tongue" (Sura 26:192-195). God also promised to give the land of Canaan (Palestine) to Isaac's descendants, the land which Israel possesses today (Genesis 12:4-7; 13:12-18; 15:1-21; 17:1-22; 21:1-14; 25:19-26; 26:1-6; 35:9-12). The problem is that the Qur'an teaches that Ishmael was the child of promise (Sura 19:54; compare Sura 37:83-109 with Genesis 22:1-19) and so Muslims believe that God's covenant promises were meant for Ishmael's descendants, not Isaac's. For example, the Qur'an explicitly denies Jesus Christ's crucifixion (Sura 4:157-158) while all four Gospel accounts clearly portray Jesus Christ as crucified and resurrected. Isaac later begot Jacob, the father of the twelve tribes of Israel, and the Messiah, Jesus Christ, eventually came into the world through the nation of Israel, fulfilling the covenant which God had made with Abraham. The Qur'an accepts these books as divinely inspired and even encourages us to test its claims by these "previous scriptures." "And the Lord visited Sarah as He had said, and the Lord did for Sarah as He had spoken. Identity Politics vs. Transactional Politics. In the Muslim calendar this event marks the beginning of year 1. Origin of Islam: According to Islam Islam was founded in the year 610 AD. This of course made the promise very special to Abraham. "This is a revelation from the Lord of the universe. Origin of Islam: According to Islam The Necessity of Forgiveness – and Accountability: Matthew 18:21-35. The Qur'an testifies of itself that it was given by God through the angel Gabriel to the prophet Muhammad. The Origin of Islam: The "Previous Scriptures" Many Muslims are characterized by their commitment to praying to Allah five times a day. From time to time you will also receive Special Offers from our partners that help us make this content free for you. There is not a sharp distinction between the religious and secular aspects of life in Islam; all aspects of a Muslim's life are to be oriented to serving Allah.
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